Photo of Lee Hsien Loong from PAP

The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) today published the Democracy Index and put Singapore 74th out of 167 countries, and labelled the Singapore government a flawed democracy. Singapore performed poorly in terms of electoral process and pluralism, with a score of only 4.3. You may view the original report here.

Here are the raw score results for Singapore,

Electoral process and Pluralism: 4.3
Functioning of government: 7.5
Political participation: 5.6
Political culture: 6.3
Civil liberties: 7.1
Overall score: 6.1, ranking 74th/167

Compared to neighbouring countries, Malaysia is ahead at 68th, Indonesia at 49th and Philippines 54th. Compared to countries with similar culture, Taiwan is at 31st, Japan at 23rd, South Korea at 22nd and Hongkong is at 67th. The only country doing worse than Singapore is China at 136th.

In the recent 2015 General Election, the PAP government won the election by 69.7% due to undemocratic electoral processes like GRC system, cooling off day and even a new regulation of “pre-result announcement” which the authorities claimed to “help dispel rumors before the announcement of actual results”.

Unlike other countries’ independent electoral commission, Singapore’s Election Department reports directly to the Prime Minister. The current Prime Minister is the son of Singapore’s former dictator Lee Kuan Yew, while his wife is the CEO of the country’s sovereign wealth fund company Temasek Holdings. Lee Hsien Loong also holds the Chairman position of another sovereign wealth fund company GIC, in tandem to his Prime Minister position.