Â. 107-111); 1237 (ibid. The Last of the Siberian Unicorns: What Happened to the Mammoth-Sized One-Horned Beasts of Legend? In one area of the cemetery a group of sixteen graves was dated to the mid-third millennium. It has come to be known as the Standard of Ur. In 1625, the site was visited by Pietro Della Valle, who recorded the presence of ancient bricks stamped with strange symbols, cemented together with bitumen, as well as inscribed pieces of black marble that appeared to be seals. Many theorize that these people poisoned themselves before burial, but some bodies bear evidence of trauma. Royal Game of Ur (also known as Game of Twenty Squares) is an ancient two-player game which according to some theory is a predecessor of Backgammon.The objective of the game is to … Who were they and how did they die? The Royal Cemetery: A Report on the Predynastic and Sargonid Graves Excavated between 1926 and 1931. There could be no doubt that the Sumerians practiced human sacrifice: Twenty-five sacrificed bodies were found in the tomb of Queen Puabi and 75 in the tomb of her husband. Iraq(')s Ancient Past: Rediscovering Ur(')s Royal Cemetery. These were women wearing ornaments of gold and precious stones. There was also a pit associated with the queen, in which the remains of five armed men, four grooms for a pair of oxen, another three attendants, and twelve female attendants were found. [Online]Available at: https://www.penn.museum/sites/iraq/?page_id=26, State Board of Antiquities & Heritage, Iraq, 2016. Alongside Puabi lay the bodies of two of her servants. Leonard Woolley, the explorer of the Royal Tombs. The archaeological equivalent of finding the crown jewels occurred in 1926, when Charles Leonard Woolley discovered the Royal Tombs of Ur. Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand, Ancient Advanced Technology: 2,400-Year-Old Yakhchals Kept Ice in the Desert, When Ancient Masters Ruled the Earth: The Mysterious Depths of the Saint Croix Basin, Cover Up: Very Early Human Presence in Malta Has Been Intentionally Hidden, Trials of Germany’s Impregnable Königstein Fortress, Explaining the Fall of the Great Akkadian Empire, Inscribed Byzantine Greek Stone Dedicated To Mary Discovered in Israel. It has been suggested that these people were part of a ritual human sacrifice conducted for the dead queen. It was here that Woolley’s workmen discovered evidence of burials and jewelry of gold and precious stones, leading to it being called the ‘gold trench’. A vast number of individual graves, and a few royal graves have been identified at the Royal Cemetery of Ur. The man must have died first and been buried in the lower chamber. For the first four seasons at Ur, Woolley concentrated on the area around the … Beside it were the skeletons of two men who had presumably accompanied the vehicle and the two oxen, whose remains lay on the floor nearby. In the 1920's Sir Leonard Woolley unearthed the remains of 6 men and 68 women, all of the victims of human sacrifice. Leonard Woolley began his excavations of the Royal Cemetery of Ur in 1922. [Online]Available at: http://sumerianshakespeare.com/117701/, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1999. The royal tombs of Ur revealed Mesopotamia's golden splendor. The sound box of the instrument was incrusted with carnelian, lapis lazuli, and mother-of-pearl. In line with good archaeological practice, he continued systematically studying the different strata at the site in order to establish a definitive time line. The Royal Cemetery. The ancient Sumerian poet Enheduanna has a unique claim to fame: she was the first author in the world known by name. 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