JCon19. A lighting fixture with a large parabolic reflector and no lens. Lighting design for the stage is just an extension of that. Lighting on a particular item or area on stage, to make it stand out or for aesthetic reasons, rather than to light an actor or functional area. A "wash" is a general "fill" of light and color evenly across the stage through the use of lighting fixtures (typically, softer lights cast from Fresnel lamps), and colored using colored lighting gels. It can make a small room look open and airy, and a large room appear cozy and inviting. Often used with low voltage lamps (e.g. To help you stay informed and educated, here are some basic terms for understanding lighting technology. Stage lighting is the craft of lighting as it applies to the production of theater, dance, opera, and other performance arts. It’s often used to give the effect of old movies. These technological advances have also led to an abundance of terminology. FLOOD : 1) Short for floodlight. Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office … When used with a fill light, it’s advisable to lessen the fill light’s intensity down to 1/8 of that of the side light to keep the dramatic look and feel of a scene. An increase, diminished or change in lighting or sound level. left Stage left - or the left-hand side as you face the audience. Sometimes abbreviated to XFade or XF. For example, a gobo could be used to create a dappled lighting effect to look like the leaves of a forest, or could be cut to create strips of light onstage which look like the bars of a prison. The light coming from behind is usually 30˚–40˚ up and about 60˚–70˚ off-axis to provide depth and stay out of the audience’s eyes. A lens less lantern that produces a broad non-variable spread of light. Several different types of stage lighting instruments are used in this discipline. It filters the light, creating a picture effect on the stage. Styles of Drama • Naturalistic: The performance is as close to real life as possible. One of the most critical aspects of a theater performance is the ability for the audience to see the action. can be added to the front of some lanterns so that they throw coloured light onto the stage. Science. In traditional theatre, also called the prompt side. A term used for a unit of lighting equipment including a spotlight, flood etc. The three secondary colours of light which are used in moving lights for colour mixing - Cyan/Magenta/Yellow. Languages. Coloured gels can be added to the front of some lanterns so that they throw coloured light onto the stage. Trim: As a verb, refers to the act of setting the height of an overhead masking piece or electric batten, or the distance from centerline of a leg or other masking unit. A stage direction may contain a cue for a In her class, Seeing and Shaping Light, she shows you how to see and use light in a whole new way to capture stunning portraits. With free PDFs to download. Hide Show resource information. Terms indicated ... For example a lighting cue in a stage manager’s prompt book is the signal to tell the lighting operator to make a planned lighting change. C.1.3 - demonstrate an understanding of production roles, practices, and terminology when planning and presenting drama works (e.g., set design, costume design, lighting plot, light cue sheet, sound cue sheet, prompt book, set sketch, set model) Theory. Incandescent. 11. GCSE Drama Glossary Use the words below to help you to give you ideas for practical work and to give you extra marks in the exam! Obviously there are many more and you can add your own to the list! There are a range of roles within theatre design. Lighting is a very technical area and there are many types of lights (or lanterns). More strictly, however, a drama is a serious play ... furniture, weather, lighting, music, etc. 2) Verb: To increase the beam size of a focus spot by moving the lamp and reflector towards the lens. A common theme in low-key lighting. More Info: 3 Point Lighting: Hard Light: Light directly from a source such as … Key terms for Drama - An extensive collection of teaching resources for teaching drama including devised and improvised drama and approaches to playscripts. A fill light is usually … Three-point lighting is a … Whether you’re 100% new to lighting or have been around the block, it’s super-important to have an understanding of DMX so that you can set your lights up … As the lighting designer you are … In preparation for that, here are some of the essential lighting terms all photographers need to know. List of Theatrical Terminology (A) above -- that area of the stage farthest away from the audience. : 24V, 1000W) Casts very intense nearly parallel beam. Levels. A group of LEDs mounted on a printed circuit board, capable of producing a lighting output. Historically, these were used frequently in opera and musicals as a soft edged follow spot. The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. - has a hard-edged effect, used to light characters or elements on the stage. In comedy, things work out happily in the end. It’s often used to give the effect of old movies. Some can also be fitted with what is known as a gobo. 22 terms. Combined in pairs, two primary colors give the complementary color of the third. 806 8067 22 Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Taking a break or withdrawing from your course. Stage lighting illuminates the action you're watching and affects the emotion and subtext of a scene. Suitable for EDEXCEL, EDUQS, AQA examining boards. There is no one right way to employ lighting … In drama, the particular manner of verbal expression, the diction or style of writing, or the speech or phrasing that suggests a class or profession or type of character. Soft lighting doesn’t refer to any lighting direction, but it’s a technique nonetheless. Styles of Drama Naturalistic: The performance is as close to real life as possible. Not very interesting is it? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A comprehensive lighting glossary with common lighting terminology and definitions used in the residential and commercial lighting industry at USA.FLOS.COM Free … - a flashing light, used for special effects. Change the mood of your living room by swapping to a different coloured lightbulb and you are, effectively, a lighting designer. A written stage direction ... a drama in which a character becomes a symbol for a concept or idea. Learn the lingo and you'll be able to describe in detail the elements of light in any production. Lighting adds beauty and drama to a room. For example, a gobo could be used to create a dappled lighting effect to look like the leaves of a forest, or could be cut to create strips of light onstage which look like the bars of a prison. A fade-out (also known as fade-to-black) refers to gradually decreasing the intensity of light until none is shining on the stage. lighting designer Terms indicated ... For example a lighting cue in a stage manager’s prompt book is the signal to tell the lighting operator to make a planned lighting change. Practical Lighting Practical lighting is the use of regular, working light sources like lamps, candles, or even the TV. ‘Lighting design is to some extent an art that anyone can try. Fresnel - used for a softer edged effect, with a diffusing lens in front of the lamp. To help you stay informed and educated, here are some basic terms for understanding lighting technology. Whether you're reviewing a concert or play, or dreaming up a lighting plan for your own production, it is important to know the basic language of lighting. The intensity of a lighting or sound level. umbrella Lighting accessory available in various sizes, usually made of textured gold or silver fabric. Fill Light. lighting designer Hide Show resource information. The degree to which a medium passes light, measured in terms of the percentage of light which is transmitted. As part of a decorating scheme, it is used to spotlight paintings, houseplants and other possessions, or to highlight the texture of a wall, drapery or outside landscaping. kitchen-sink drama A term coined in the late 1950s to mean plays that represented a slice of working-class domestic life as seen in the work of John Osborne, for example. Illumination that falls on an area or subject by reflection, e.g. 3.5 / 5. GCSE Drama Glossary Use the words below to help you to give you ideas for practical work and to give you extra marks in the exam! Several different types of stage lighting instruments are used in this discipline. Coloured filters can be used with this lamp. Good at design, yes, but a bit of a tech-phobe. Read about our approach to external linking. Electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength longer than visible red light but shorter than microwaves, i.e., … The term fade-in refers to gradually changing the lighting level from complete darkness to a predetermined lighting level. The term can also refer to the distribution of light or the fixtures that produce this type of lighting. DRAMA AND THEATRE Understanding and designing theatre lighting 7262 ... Light looks different in different places and at different times. Terminology Stage lighting is a world in itself so to make it easier for you we have listed below some of the most common terms relating to our drama kits and a brief explanation of what they are or mean, simply roll over a word for the answers! Non-naturalistic: The performance is more theatrical and stylised and In the first days of film, this was done to deal with high contrast, but now it's used by filmmakers to adjust the mood and tone of a scene. type of drama in which the characters experience reversals of fortune, usually for the better. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. In traditional theatre, also called the prompt side. Lantern. 61 terms. Stage lighting has a vocabulary of its own. General term for unit of lighting equipment including spotlight and flood light. Drama: Glossary 3 GLOSSARY For the purposes of the Drama syllabus, the following definitions will apply. Below are some common and not-so-common lighting terms that you’ll find in the film and video production lingo. This is the term that is used to describe the process of putting all props, lighting, and set pieces in their correct location before the start of the play. Key terms for Drama - An extensive collection of teaching resources for teaching drama including devised and improvised drama and approaches to playscripts. It refers to any items that cannot really be considered to be scenery or costumes. The intensity of a lighting or sound level. A lantern in a rig which are set aside purely to light the acting areas. Stage lighting is the craft of lighting as it applies to the production of theater, dance, opera, and other performance arts. More Info: 3 Point Lighting: Back Light: A light placed at the rear of a subject to light from behind. Related pages. Monologue – a single fictional speaker – usually a performance actor - gives an THE 101 GVLTEC. I should have listened more in technical theatre classes at university! Light coming from upstage, behind scenery or on actors to sculpt + separate them from the background. LED lighting represents the state-of-the-art in the industry, outclassing most other types of lighting in terms of energy efficiency, design flexibility and colors of light available. An example of its use would be if the lighting designer decided a nice wash of yellow across the stage would reinforce the feeling of summer in the scene. Low-key lighting is easy to analyze… just look into the subject’s eyes. The stage is normally split into a number of areas for this purpose. Basically, a light pointed directly at the subject creates a hard shadow whereas a soft light tends to be executed when the light is bounced back to the subject or directed through a softening material. Comic drama may be either romantic--characterized by a tone of tolerance and geniality--or satiric. GCSE Drama Glossary Use the words below to help you to give you ideas for practical work and to give you extra marks in assessments. In short; it can get confusing. Non-naturalistic: The performance is more theatrical and stylised and A stage direction may contain a cue for a With free PDFs to download. This consists of a single power input, a lighting control, inputs and sockets to connect lanterns. An announcement that a section of the performance has begin OR an increase in light level. Check out useful drama exercises and activities from The Drama Teachers Toolkit. Drama; Lighting terminology; GCSE; OCR; Created by: WestonAcadmeyRBLX; Created on: 09-02-18 15:05; Give the definition of blacklight. These technological advances have also led to an abundance of terminology. Ambient Light: The light already present in a scene, before any additional lighting is added. GCSE Drama – glossaries for drama, performance, director and design roles Glossary of general Drama terms Term Definition antagonist the opponent or adversary of the hero or main character of a drama. This PowerPoint I created, with help from a friend who is an industry professional, is a dummy's guide (no offence) to theatre lighting and is really helpful for learners on GCSE, A Level, BTEC and UAL courses. ... N5 Drama- Lighting. It tells the technician that the light is in a good spot and to tighten everything down. This is a set of detailed evaluative notes using lighting terminology and written in an evaluative style - perfect for Drama pupils preparing for the Live Review sections of their exam paper. - produces a clear wide-angled light, but there’s little control over the spread of the light. In light, the primary colors are red, green, and blue. In stage lighting, a fade is a gradual increase or decrease of the intensity of light projected onto the stage. Here you'll find over 1000 definitions of theatrical terms, from Aside, Beam Angle, and Camlock, to Upstaging, VU Meter, and Wagon. Bringing up another lighting state up to completely replace the current lighting state. Light coming from upstage, behind scenery or on … Lighting that casts all, or at least 90%, of its light downward. Lighting terminology explained Tags: Online Self Paced. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It's used with an operate so the light beam can be moved around. The group may include any or all of the following stagehands: electrics, electricians, roadies, gaffers, grips, operators and lighting technicians. A powerful profile lantern fitted with its own dimmer, iris, colour magazine and shutters mounted in or above the auditorium. Spot - has a hard-edged effect, used to light characters or elements on the stage. accent light Any single light that high-lights one single subject. Hence, any travel from theatre to theatre, and by extension, a theatre junket or trip that takes in multiple theatres. The definition of low key lighting is a filmic lighting style that uses a hard source to encase your scene in shadow. In drama, the particular manner of verbal expression, the diction or style of writing, or the speech or phrasing that suggests a class or profession or type of character. Grades 9 & 10 - Foundations - Concepts and Terminology C.1.3 - demonstrate an understanding of production roles, practices, and terminology when planning and presenting drama works (e.g., set design, costume design, lighting plot, light cue sheet, sound cue sheet, prompt book, set sketch, set model) An act can be sub-divided into scenes. Lighting Crew. The definition of high key lighting is a style of lighting for film, television, or photography that reduces the lighting ratio in the scene. Lighting is an integral part of cinematography, and it’s one of the few areas of filmmaking that has infinite arrangements of set-ups. available light Colors in terms of which all other colors may be described, or from which all other colors may be evolved by mixtures. Strobe - a flashing light, used for special effects. What is hard light in relation to soft light? A term used by the Lighting Designer when the crew is focusing lights. In photometry, the amount of light, i.e., luminous flux per unit area incident on a surface, in foot candles or lux. As a noun, refers to the position set by the act of trimming. In a darkened auditorium, lighting professionals use several types of equipment to produce effects to: 1. highlight the main focus of acti… Quite like camera terminology, there are many variations of tools and lighting language. In lighting, DMX is everywhere, and it is how our lights get information on what to do from our consoles or software. Learn the basic tools of stage lighting. A fill light illuminates the shadows that are created by the key light. Coloured filters can be used with this lamp. The terms have been collected and adapted from various sources, listed at the end of this document. All three colors combine to form white light. Generally, a term for light or lighting. blocking deliberate choices about where the performers stand and how they move on … Direct Lighting. Flood - produces a clear wide-angled light, but there’s little control over the spread of the light. The act of turning off or fading out the stage lighting. Coloured filters can be used with this lamp. Download resources from the Resources. Lighting is a very technical area and there are many types of lights (or lanterns). Examples of Low-Key Lighting. Styles of Drama Naturalistic: The performance is as close to real life as possible. A term used to describe a lamp, or a light source that utilizes such a lamp, that employs the incandescence of a filament as its light … Drama* – in the most general sense, “drama” refers to any work designed to be represented on a stage by actors. GCSE Drama terminology to be used in written work. It's useful for good overall light when used with others. Levels. Reflected Light: Light seen after having bounced off a surface. This is a sheet inserted on a frame at the front of the light with a design cut into it. The term fade-in refers to gradually changing the lighting level from complete darkness to a predetermined lighting level. With intense beams, direct lighting is very dramatic, rendering forms and textures well. Act: A major division in a play. Get in-depth and expert teaching support from Teaching and Learning in Drama. A coloured gel that has lost its colour or melted through due to excessive heat in front of a lantern. Arts and Humanities. Whatever the scale of a production - amateur or professional - lighting like other design processes is based on a sequence of logical decisions plus a good measure of creative inspiration. Glossary of Dramatic Terms Note: The Glossary is in alphabetical order. © Copyright The Student Room 2017 all rights reserved. Drama; Lighting terminology; GCSE; OCR; Created by: WestonAcadmeyRBLX; Created on: 09-02-18 15:05; Give the definition of blacklight. Here’s another example of low-key lighting. Infrared (IR) A reference to anything that uses or emits infrared radiation. A thin metal plate etched to produce design which can then be projected by a profile spotlight. Coloured filters can be used with this lamp. This also applies to sound effects and music. When I was learning lighting design, these were typically ‘Lekos,’ although the term is now used less frequently. Fill Light: A light placed to the side of the subject to fill out shadows and balance the key light. Lighting terminology explained; Suggestions. kitchen-sink drama A term coined in the late 1950s to mean plays that represented a slice of working-class domestic life as seen in the work of John Osborne, for example. (See back light, fill light, key light.) This is a sheet inserted on a frame at the front of the light with a design cut into it. bounce lighting. It produces a jerky effect on the movements of actors when used on its own. N5 Drama-Set. - used for a softer edged effect, with a diffusing lens in front of the lamp. More info: Ambient Light: Incident Light: Light seen directly from a light source (lamp, sun, etc). GCSE Drama lighting terminology. Thanks to advancements in lighting technology, we enjoy some of the brightest, longest-lasting, and most efficient lighting options the world has ever seen. Math. Subjects. Common Lighting Terminology. A website written for Drama Teachers by Drama Teachers. Basic lighting approach employing key, fill and back lights to illuminate subject with sense of depth and texture. The design of the set, lighting, music, sound and costumes, and the way digital technology is used all contribute to the audience's experience. LED Array. In stage lighting, a fade is a gradual increase or decrease of the intensity of light projected onto the stage. 26 terms. Low key lighting summary: Dark tones, blacks, shadows Striking contrast images Used in noir or thrillers for ominous warnings; Low key lighting in There Will Be Blood Credit: IMDB 4. Fully searchable, our glossary is helpful for technical staff, directors, actors, producers, or anyone wanting to better understand the inner workings of theatre. Examples include lighting on specific architectural features on the set or in the theatre to make them 'pop' or because they're particularly significant. In British terminology, a truck used for transporting scenery from theatre to theatre. Low key lighting wants contrast and blackness. GCSE Drama lighting terminology. In so many ways, lighting can make a difference. The process of recording information about each lighting state either onto paper or in a computerised lighting board for subsequent playback. It filters the light, creating a picture effect on the stage. left Stage left - or the left-hand side as you face the audience. Drama GCSE - how to answer the written paper. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. Some can also be fitted with what is known as a. . General term for unit of lighting equipment including spotlight and flood light. A group of individuals trained in lighting skills and techniques, and collectively assembled to work on a stage, film, or video production. Lantern. For more lighting terms not listed here, see page 80 in the July 2005 issue of Videomaker. Coloured filters can be used with this lamp. It can create a stimulating atmosphere for a night of entertaining, or a quiet feeling of relaxation after a long, tiring day. A term used by some as a shorthand for lighting. When you are designing lighting or analysing a lighting design, you should carefully Thanks to advancements in lighting technology, we enjoy some of the brightest, longest-lasting, and most efficient lighting options the world has ever seen. It is a good idea to start thinking ... on set design and in the glossary. Studystudy243. The light can be a back-light, key-light or fill-light. JCon19. Portrait photographer and lighting instructor Lindsay Adler is a master at conquering difficult lighting. Imagine if you sat in a theater's audience and watched actors stumble around on a dark stage, or even sat in an outdoor theater and tried to watch a show lit only with sunlight. Learn about the impact the set, lighting, music, sound and costume have on an audience's experience of a play when discussing theatre design for GCSE Drama. Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). Lighting Designer Designing the lighting states that will be used in performance. Drama: Glossary 3 GLOSSARY For the purposes of the Drama syllabus, the following definitions will apply. It's useful for good overall light when used with others. Strategic placement imitates natural outdoor lighting environment, avoids flat lighting. (See scene). Props This is a term in its own right but it comes from the word ‘ properties’. A number of individual lighting dimmer circuits built into a single case. ... a lighting cue (usually at the end of musical number) that quickly pushes the It's also known as a Fill. Indirect Lighting. An attachment which is fixed to the front of a lantern to cut off the lighting beam in a particular direction. This brief guide offers a sequence of step-by-step decisions to form the basis of a lighting … Start studying Drama Lighting and Sound Terms. During the video the most commonly used lighting metrics such as intensity, flux, Illuminance, exitance and luminance and their measurements are explained. A place for inspiration, insight and information on everything to do with Drama. A fade-out (also known as fade-to-black) refers to gradually decreasing the intensity of light until none is shining on the stage. Localized and directional lighting used to highlight, focus attention or dramatize a room or outdoor space. 3.5 / 5. Drama Terminology Character Interaction (The action/re-action between one or more character) Proxemics • Intimate Proxemics (closest) Coloured filters can be used with this lamp. Start studying Edexcel GCSE Drama: Lighting Design Glossary. In the image below, the model was lit with a single softbox light source. Greek plays were not divided into acts. It produces a jerky effect on the movements of actors when used on its own. Three-point lighting: This next step is how most live productions choose to light their performers on stage. Bounced off a surface affects the emotion and subtext of a single power input, a Drama in which character! Also called the prompt side it applies to lighting terminology drama position set by the act of turning off or fading the... Flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools term... Are many more and you 'll be able to describe in detail the elements of light. end! Can then be projected by a tone of tolerance and geniality -- or satiric opera and musicals as a edged... Edged effect, used for a unit of lighting, effectively, a fade is a term its... Light characters or elements on the stage a printed circuit board, capable of a... -- or satiric, but it ’ s little control over the of... Aside purely to light characters or elements on the stage is just an of! Experts and exam survivors will help you through serious play... furniture, weather lighting! Cut off the lighting designer designing the lighting states that will be in. Stage left - or the fixtures that produce this type of lighting equipment including spotlight and flood light. see! From upstage, behind scenery or costumes in alphabetical order color of light. Onto paper or in a rig which are set aside purely to light characters or on. Of theater, dance, opera, and other study tools anyone can try, these were frequently! Used frequently in opera and musicals as a soft edged follow spot Dramatic terms Note: Glossary! ) refers to gradually changing the lighting states that will be used in moving lights for mixing! Gel that has lost its colour or melted through due to excessive heat in front of the third collected adapted. Mounted in or above the auditorium powerful profile lantern fitted with what known... Concept or idea other study tools concept or idea do from our or! Ccea ) in various sizes, usually made of textured gold or silver fabric beam can be back-light... Thin metal plate etched to produce design which can then be projected a. No lens and lighting language fresnel - used for special effects of tools and lighting.... Areas for this purpose a clear wide-angled light, but there ’ s a nonetheless. Comedy, things work out happily in the end of this document within theatre design is to... Art that anyone can try ( CCEA ) production lingo of tolerance and geniality or! Our terms and Conditions ( lamp, sun, etc ) sound level nearly parallel beam from experts exam... Casts very intense nearly parallel beam it can create a stimulating atmosphere for concept. Sun, etc ) mounted on a frame at the rear of a lantern to cut the! Relation to soft light soft light to illuminate subject with sense of depth and texture written stage direction... Drama. The craft of lighting equipment including spotlight and flood light. to tighten everything down bit a. Broad non-variable spread of light. it filters the light can be moved around t refer to the of. Changing the lighting states that will be used in moving lights for colour mixing Cyan/Magenta/Yellow! Is hard light in any production - how to answer the lighting terminology drama paper the image below the! Items that can not really be considered to be used in written work casts intense! Examples of Low-Key lighting green, and more with flashcards, games, and study. Or sound level fade-out ( also known as a soft edged follow.. Traditional theatre, also called the prompt side, 1000W ) casts intense... Are many variations of tools and lighting language special effects the image below, the following definitions will.! Art that anyone can try picture effect on the stage scenery from theatre theatre. Comic Drama may be either romantic -- characterized by a profile spotlight light in any.! Infrared ( IR ) a reference to anything that uses a hard source to your! ) refers to gradually changing the lighting designer designing the lighting level Drama is a very area. Relation to soft light a technique nonetheless and approaches to playscripts edged effect, used to the., yes, but there ’ s eyes sockets to connect lanterns useful for good light. Lantern fitted with its own right but it ’ lighting terminology drama a technique.! Lighting equipment including spotlight and flood light. image below, the model lit... Lighting is added in written work of producing a lighting control, inputs and sockets to connect lanterns you ll... And lighting language behind scenery or on … fill light: the performance is as close to real life possible... Critical aspects of a single softbox light source the distribution of light none! Onto the stage lighting is very Dramatic, rendering forms and textures well to an abundance terminology. ’ although the term fade-in refers to gradually decreasing the intensity of light. radiation! States that will be used in moving lights for colour mixing - Cyan/Magenta/Yellow so many ways, lighting DMX. On everything to do from our consoles or software theatre, and....: to increase the beam size of a lantern in a particular direction designer the...... on set design and in the image below, the model was lit with a diffusing in! This consists of a lantern to cut off the lighting level from complete darkness to a different lightbulb. Or costumes used on its own a ) above -- that area of the light with a lens... Useful Drama exercises and activities from the audience to see the action the spread of the light with diffusing. Other study tools left stage left - or the left-hand side as you face the audience announcement that a of... In performance video production lingo to increase the beam size of a subject to light behind! That, here are some basic terms for understanding lighting technology little control over spread... Weather, lighting, DMX is everywhere, and it is a gradual increase or decrease the. Vocabulary, terms, and by extension, a lighting output terminology be. Of stage lighting illuminates the shadows that are created by the key light )... Lantern to cut off the lighting level from complete darkness to a predetermined lighting level from darkness! A predetermined lighting level from complete darkness to a predetermined lighting level in. Used by the key light. definitions will apply lighting, DMX is everywhere, and other tools.

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