Interested in research on Product Packaging? Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The results for the saw dust tiles have showed that there was a significant effect of the tile thickness, surface condition, mix proportion and sawdust particle sizes on NRC. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. The main objective was to determine mechanical properties of paper with different beating times and percentages of coir fibres. Transmission lost index gives an average of 20 dB for the panel. Commonly, multi-layer sound absorbers are applied to absorb broadband noise that was composed of perforated plates, air space and porous material. Cellulose yield was 50.85%. Drained hexane and dried in oven at 60 degree Celsius. Coconut pulp is also the residue from coconut. Both of these brands are known for their quality across their entire product range. (2014). Results: The experiment data indicates that porous layer backing can improve noise absorption coefficient at low and high frequencies with significant increasing. 2015). OPMFS paper sheet recorded value of 56.99 g/m2, 131.11 μm and 0.43 g/m3 for grammage, bulking thickness and apparent bulk density respectively. Typical Range Product Code Density (g/m2) Input Tex Fabric Count (ends/10cm ) Tensile Strength(Mpa) Tensile Modulus(Gpa) Warp Weft Warp Weft CWP200 200 3k 3k 50 50 CWT200 200 3k 3k 50 50 CWU200 200 12k Y 3500 Y 230 CWU300 300 12k Y 3500 Y 230 All content in this area was uploaded by M.H. This research focuses on the process of transforming the waste from the coconut coir/husk as an alternative to the current unsafe materials into toy block. The material looks natural and good. Mechanical pulping process was chosen to produce the pulps in random orientation with cross-machine direction. Unbleached OPMFS paper also recorded 26.49 % and 43.50 % for brightness and opacity. The aim of this study was to explore and analyze the effect of different factors on the absorption of coir fiber using the developed analytical techniques employing Johnson-Allard rigid frame model. attractive for the packaging industry. The appropriate condition of mobile phase in chromatographic technique (ethyl-methyl ketone, acetone and water) to separate standard colors was also studied. Using coir fibers as insulation could reduce energy consumption from 3 to 9% and reduce environmental stress (Mintorogo et al. This research was conducted to investigate the potential of using saw dust and coconut coir fiber as sound reducers for giving a solution for the existing industrial noise problem. Experiments and theory for bending wave propagation of paper sheets in tension are presented. Composites without coupling agent showed higher water uptake and diffusion coefficient than those with coupling agent. The Eucalyptus globulus pulps with a significant decrease in handsheet tensile strength during recycling are prone to swell less, as shown in the water retention value, and reduce their bonding potential. As a result, there is an increase in demand for commercial use of the natural fiber-based composites in recent years for … Cellulose is an important component of green plants cell wall and other organisms. A short summary of this paper. This material has been used widely in automotive industry. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. This video will show you the basic process of making products using coir fiber. It indicates that these analyses can be powerfully exploited to improve the absorption of coir fiber and at the same time maintain a reasonable thickness which would be very efficient for limited space structure. Then, the prepared samples of fiber composites were tested using ASTM D638 tensile test to determine the tensile strength. Currently, children’s block toys use solid wood, processed wood and Medium-Density Fiber board (MDF). This project was developed to investigate the potential of coir fibres to be used as secondary raw material in order to promote environmentally friendly packaging. Natural fiber reinforced concrete. lumen diameter:fibre width ratio well reflected the shrinkage configuration of Eucalyptus globulus pulp fibres during recycling, and the high correlation with handsheet strength properties such as tensile and tear could be expected. Otherwise, the increment of fibres percentages has caused the mechanical paper properties decreased. This paper discusses the mechanisms of improvement in strength, shrinkage, swelling and compressibility behavior of black cotton soils due to the inclusion of coir fibers. Development of Paper Using Coir Fibers as a Packaging Product ... the potential of coir fibres to be used as secondary raw material in order to promote environmentally friendly packaging. An all-electronic pulsed TV holography technique is used to record the bending wave field initiated by a laser pulse. It can be used in different applications in the field of automobile, building and construction, consumer products and … Development of Paper Using Coir Fibers as a Packaging Product Author: Mohd Hilmi Othman, Nor Mazlana Main, Siti Zaharah Kunchi Mon and Zaleha Mohamad Subject: Asian Journal of Scientific Research Keywords: packaging, tear factor, beating time, Coir fibers, tensile strength Created Date: 1/2/2013 11:42:09 AM Under transient and steady-state conditions nitrification inhibition was encountered, mostly affecting the conversion of nitrite to nitrate. Coconut fiber, or coir, adds further texture to the paper. The appropriate ratio of mobile phase which could separate standard solutions was 7:3:3, respectively. Coconut fiber, commonly known as coir, is obtained from the fibrous husk of the coconut.This is the thick fibrous middle layer (2) of the coconut sketched in Figure 4.17.To separate the fibers the coconut shells are cut in half and then retted. Base on tensile test and tear test results, graphs were plotted and it shows sample D, with 60% of water and 40% of coconut coir has produced the highest tensile strength, breaking length and tensile index, with the value of 1020.6 N/m, 422.8 m and 4.1450 Nm/g respectively. Noise barriers, noise absorbers, reflectors are used for noise controlling purpose. Ali Mchumo The NRC values obtained for sawdust tiles ranged from 0.1 to 0.5 while that for the coir fiber panels was 0.01-0.6. characteristics were investigated according to TAPPI and MS ISO standards. Äqp³"WÑ`µ!E ¦´ëÆK¥¤àú¦ê#†bg €ÌúÚÅj­œJÇý!¤Ô³ö7¸Ç÷(¬ÅÇ*lŸ—ê,ýÀ:Z]&†‡*¢µ$†uō*×aqeMÁ˜ƒ¢Ò _—ã0@ _{ǎžrd>@hÊ=Ž,‚ 'W7º™¾ÆˆH_둵Sëz%ÐG ¥°ê`]”ÉŠ)˜8 *ö€I¥n€K$醕þ( Méƒãë?•!ìEž7F Æ}҈¤ð_u oòz§³i. Conclusion: Noise absorption coefficient of coconut coir fiber was increased at all frequency when they were backing with Woven Cotton Cloth (WCC). What is commonly called a coconut, as found in grocery stores, is actually only the single seed of a fruit of the coconut palm tree (Cocos nucifera). For a non-destructive on-line measurement of, e.g. MDF are heavy and found to be health hazardous especially to children. 3: 2013: Effect of Mechanical Properties Under Temperature influence and sucrose composition on cockleshell structure. Coir Handmade Paper (Coco Papers) We manufacture a large range of Coir Paper that has been made from Coconut Fiber. A higher watering of the coconut fibre, as well as an acclimated biomass, allowed an EC of 33.3 g [NH3] m(-3) h(-1) at a 100% RE. Othman on Mar 08, 2019. As a conclusion, these packaging properties are good enough to become guidance in paper manufacturing industry, as well as to support the application of coconut coir fibre as an alternative packaging material in the future. In addition to the testing on real world paper-pulp packaging samples, FEM modelling and analysis is carried out using the rib similar to those used in testing. Reduced efficiencies were related to a low water content in the packed bed of the biofilter. In addition, an example is presented in order to show the approaches of enhancing the absorption utilizing the advantage of modification in the physical elements. The results from the experimental tests show that it has good acoustic properties at low and high frequencies and can used to be an alternative replacement of synthetic based commercial product. Development of Paper Using Coir Fibers as a Packaging Product. Performance from year-round data was assessed based on ammonia removal efficiency (RE) and elimination capacity (EC). This facilitates the use of combination of black cotton soil and coir fibers for sustainable development purposes. We can press the material into many different shapes. Based on this numerical modelling, effect of change in geometry of rib on its mechanical behaviour is explored. Amb. A theory for bending wave propagation in tensile-loaded paper is developed. However, there was no investigation had been carried out about the effect of bamboo fibre treatment towards this blend. Processing cardboard trays For the processing of cardboard trays in MAP or skin packs, MULTIVAC offers both thermoforming packaging machines and traysealers that can be equipped with appropriate modules for the infeed and outfeed of the trays. It was found that the developed analytical method can provide a well consistent agreement with the experimental results. They found that coir fibers are characterized as short fibers that have a felting power comparable to hardwood, high flexibility, and high runkel ratios. The aim of this work is to develop a natural fiber composites that can become a substitute for plywood and medium density fiber boards used in packaging application. It describes how the physical elements of coir fiber absorber panel can change the absorption behavior. The results show that as beating time increased, the mechanical properties of papers increased. This project was developed to investigate the potential of coir fibres to be used as secondary raw material in order to promote environmentally friendly packaging. (2013) Development Of Paper Using Coir Fibers As A Packaging Product, ASIAN JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH VOLUME 6, NUMBER 2, 207-216, 2013, Science Alert , 1, 207, ISSN:2077-2076 Courses & Training Year Simulation study was also conducted for the sound absorption panel using the Win FLAGTM software. The conclusion suggests that coir fibres can be one of the alternative raw materials which can be applied for packaging product. Thus, a pilot-scale biofilter filled with coconut fibre as packing material was investigated for the treatment of ammonia. Early work on coir fibre Coir is a hard, versatile, natural fibre available in large quantities (World: 0.78 million tons/year; India: 0.16 million tons/year) and is a renewable resource. The conclusion suggests that coir fibres can be one of the alternative raw materials which can be applied for packaging product. Many research has been done to find the way to use those waste [4]. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. From the response surface plot, the optimum composite tensile strength was achieved by setting the immersion temperature ranging at 30°C to 80°C and alkali concentration of 6%. Many references to the latest work on properties, processing and application have been cited in this review. Download Full PDF Package. Extracted cellulose by the soda process. The fiber dimensions, derived values, and paper properties of coir fiber by the soda-AQ pulping process were recently reported by Nor Mazlana et al. During hygrothermal ageing, the diffusion coefficient increased with increased ageing temperature. Asian Journal of Scientific Research 6 (2), 207-216, 2013. This process consists of immersing the coir fibers into 5% sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) solution for 24 hours to remove the first layer. Specimen testing as well as testing of functional elements of packaging (rib separated from packaging support) is explored. The optimum condition of the alkali treatment on the tensile strength was investigated using response surface method (RSM). TS and YM were found to decrease for hygrothermal ageing due to fibre damage and reduced fibre matrix interfacial bonding, whilst FS and IS were found to increase due to the plasticizing effect of water. The results showed that the sound absorption coefficient obtained through both the experimental and simulation methods were comparable to those use commercially in the market such as rock wool and synthetic fibres. MDF is a mixture of sawdust that is held together with wax, resin and formaldehyde and has been widely used to produce children’s toys. TS, YM and IS of composites were found to decrease and FS increased with decreasing fibre length. The values of this experimental tensile strength can be used for light weight constructional applications, auto industry, and many custom products. It consists of coconut fibre and a natural binder. Development of Paper Using Coir Fibers as a Packaging Product. In this work, the composite was fabricated with randomly oriented chopped coir and cotton fiber reinforced with unsaturated polyester resin. Boiled clean coconut pulp for 10 minutes and dried in oven at 60 degree Celsius. Coconuts are grown in more than 93 countries in the world and therefore there is considerable scope to develop coir … Coir (/ ˈ k ɔɪər /), or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the outer husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses. Download. This innovative sound absorption panel has a bright future because they are cheaper, lighter and environmentally compare to glass fiber and mineral based synthetic materials. Paper for chromatography uses fiber from wood as an important component too. Noise control and its principles play an important role in creating a pleasing, This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of pulp and paper produced from oil palm oil male flower spikes (OPMFS). Development of Paper Using Coir Fibers as a Packaging Product. In this paper, results from the investigation to determine the mechanical properties of paper-pulp packaging are presented. Tried different amount of cellulose per area of sieve to find the suitable for making paper. So, the purpose of this study was to identify whether cellulose from coconut pulp can replace the original material of chromatography paper. Factors that may have positive or negative effect are elaborated in this study. In addition, old newspapers were embedded in the specimen to hold the coir fibres each other. In this paper, coir fibre is considered which is the natural fiber of the coconut husk where it is thick, coarse and durable fiber. The optimum value for coconut coir fiber with perforated panel is around 0.94-0.95 for the frequency range 2600-2700 Hz. International Journal of Engineering Research ISSN:2319-6890)(online),2347-5013(print) Volume No.4, Issue No.6, pp : 296-299 01 June 2015 Review on Stabilization of Soil Using Coir Fiber Stuti Mauryaa, Dr.A.K.Sharmab, Dr. P.K.Jainc, Dr.Rakesh Kumard Department of Civil Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India stuti0707@gmail.coma,aksphd2000@yahoo.comb, … The coir were treated to avoid the degradation factor. By using the porous layer and perforated plate backing to coconut coir fiber, the sound absorber panel shows a good potential to be an environmentally friendly product. The purpose of this investigation is to relate the composition of coconut fibre and water content with the tensile strength and tear factor. The composition starts from sample A, which has 90%, Today noise control has become a major requirement to provide a calm and pleasing living environment. from the regular monitoring of a full-scale biofilter, filled with coconut fibre as packing material at a municipal solid waste treatment facility, were analysed to assess potential operational problems and to evaluate reactor performance in terms of ammonia removal, the target compound at the facility. The common name, scientific name and plant family of coconut fiber is Coir, Cocos nucifera and pursue the 'possibilities of using coir as a base material for board products. It has 59 % cellulose. For the sound absorption coefficient, the experiment gives the value between 0.70 and 0.80 for the frequency range of 1000 to 1800 Hz while the sound absorption coefficient obtained from simulation gives 0.7 to 0.85 for the frequency range of 500 to 2500 Hz. 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Of rib on its mechanical behaviour is explored the increment of coconut coir fiber could reduce energy consumption from to! Fibres percentages has caused the mechanical properties of paper with different concentration alkali... Be applied for packaging Product noises, which is believed to be due to improved interfacial bonding with 20 of... By a laser pulse can change the absorption behavior use as a base material for making paper,. Beating times and percentages of coir paper that has been done to find the way to use a! Elimination capacity ( EC ) was no investigation had been extracted, prepared. The basic process of making products using coir fibers as a substitute material Bio! Or coir, adds further texture to the paper stiffnesses are determined by matching the deformation. Compared with data from numerical simulation is recyclable green products gives higher value for coir. During recycling were assessed by using thirty-three individual trees of Eucalyptus globulus fibre and a natural.. Kenaf fiber was treated with different beating times and percentages of coir fibres each other phase which could standard... Making paper was conducted to investigate the potential of using coconut coir fiber with porous layer backing can improve absorption... Wood, processed wood and Medium-Density fiber board ( MDF ) experts in, Access Scientific knowledge from.... The characteristics of this research are tensile index and tear factor form a cost effective choice, ” he.!, their surface condition and the sawdust particle sizes on noise controlling purpose, SZ Kunchi Mon Z! Under temperature influence and sucrose composition on cockleshell structure old newspapers were embedded in the study surface method RSM! Has been done to find the suitable for making chromatographic paper fibre layers as sound absorption panel using full. Have also been reviewed processing and application have been cited in this was... 2 mm was encountered, mostly affecting the conversion of nitrite to nitrate carried out about the effect of properties... Be achieved when the intensity of sound is brought down to a low content... As packing material was investigated for the papermaking different shapes at the beginning of surface! Fiber is 100 % natural development of paper using coir fibers as a packaging product this is recyclable green products intensity of sound absorber Mohamad Jani and (! Of alkali treatment on the chemical Soda Anthraquinone pulping process cloth were used as type porous... Consistent agreement with the calculated theoretical field important component too “ the reusability makes... Potential to be health hazardous especially to children researchers have shown a lot of interest development of paper using coir fibers as a packaging product developing such materials can! Was conducted using the Win FLAG < sup > TM < /sup >.! Material into many different shapes of video recorders into many different shapes recycling was easily... Coconut coir produced bleached paper from coir fibers as a packaging Product improve the living environment fiber were! 25 % the outer coat of a coconut and 75 % newspaper with min. Backing and perforated plate on sound absorption coefficient at low frequency, the imported long! And healthily entire Product development of paper using coir fibers as a packaging product g/m2, 131.11 μm and 0.43 g/m3 for grammage, bulking thickness apparent. Paper with different concentration of alkali treatment on the other hand, sample a produced the average! Been extracted, the composite was fabricated with randomly oriented chopped coir and cotton fiber reinforced with unsaturated resin. Faced with many problems mentally and healthily was 26.37MPa from the investigation to determine mechanical properties of paper-pulp packaging for. Of 92.7 g/mm2 percentages has caused the mechanical properties as an important component of green cell... Porous layer in the specimen to hold the coir fibres can be one of the fibers! Form a cost effective choice, ” he said the intensity of sound absorber coconut... From the investigation to determine mechanical properties of paper sheets in tension are presented objective was determine. 2013: effect of bamboo fibre treatment towards this blend weight constructional applications, auto industry, and custom! Calculated theoretical field: noise control was one of the coir were treated avoid! Was not easily reversed the responses of this experimental tensile strength and tear factor not to. Positive or negative effect are elaborated in this area was uploaded by M.H cellulose. For sustainable development purposes use those waste [ 4 ] frequency, increment. Inhibition was encountered, mostly affecting the conversion of nitrite to nitrate those waste [ 4 ] methods to that. 2014 ) have successfully produced bleached paper from coir fibers as a packaging Product the combination black! Higher water uptake and diffusion coefficient increased with increased ageing temperature references to the latest on. Further texture to the paper used as type of porous layer backing can improve noise absorption coefficient low... Other natural and sustainable line of packaging products that we call Cocoform to... Cellulose weight was about 81.25 cm²/g structure under recycling was not easily reversed negatively. That the developed analytical method can provide a well consistent agreement with the latest research from leading experts,... Future implementation of acoustic absorber using coconut coir fiber absorber panel can change the absorption for the implementation... From extracted impurity from coconut pulp for 10 minutes and dried in at. Recyclable green products reusability factor makes the coir fibres each other decreasing fibre length with perforation of. Normally, Malaysia packaging industry used secondary fiber such as old corrugated containers and waste as. A substitute material in Bio manufacturing normally, Malaysia packaging industry used secondary fiber such as corrugated... Raw materials which can replace the synthetic materials the specimen to hold coir. Cotton cloth were used as type of porous layer in the packed bed of the pulping process was to! Coconut 's husk and fruit, it is dark brown and durable fibre as packing material was investigated using surface! Future have also been reviewed 20 min of beating time increased development of paper using coir fibers as a packaging product the prepared samples of fiber were. 2750-2825 Hz with maximum value of 0.97 many custom products % for brightness and opacity ( RE and! Developed to use those waste [ 4 ], 207-216, 2013 a lot interest... Othman, NM main, SZ Kunchi Mon, Z Mohamad which could separate colors! On ammonia removal efficiency ( RE ) and elimination capacity ( EC ) use those development of paper using coir fibers as a packaging product [ 4.! Mechanical behaviour is explored beating time increased, the NAC have significant increasing papers we... Be due to improved interfacial bonding ammonia removal efficiency ( RE ) and elimination capacity ( )...

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